Leading Cause Of Blindness In The Philippines



Angle-closure glaucoma Disease

Angle-closure glaucoma Disease Are you familiar with angle-closure glaucoma? This eye condition is a serious and potentially vision-threatening disease that...

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Glaucoma in the philippines

Are you experiencing blurred vision, eye pain or even complete loss of sight? If so, it might be a symptom of glaucoma. Glaucoma is an eye disease that affects thousands of people worldwide and can lead to permanent blindness if left untreated. In the Philippines alone, around 2 million Filipinos are suffering from this condition, and yet many remain unaware of its existence. As such, it’s important to understand what glaucoma is all about, its different types and symptoms as well as prevention measures and treatments available to avoid the worst-case scenario – blindness. Join us as we discuss everything there is to know about glaucoma in the Philippines!

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a condition that affects the optic nerve, which carries visual information from your eyes to your brain. It’s usually caused by increased pressure within the eye due to fluid buildup. The high pressure damages the fibers in the optic nerve, resulting in vision loss.

There are two main types of glaucoma: open-angle and angle-closure. Open-angle glaucoma is more common and develops slowly over time, while angle-closure glaucoma occurs suddenly and requires immediate attention.

Other less common types include normal-tension glaucoma, pigmentary glaucoma, pseudoexfoliative glaucoma and traumatic glaucoma.

While anyone can develop this condition regardless of age or gender, certain factors increase one’s risk for developing it such as family history of the disease or being over 60 years old.

It’s important to understand what causes this disease so you can take necessary measures to prevent it from affecting you or a loved one. With proper care and treatment management plan with an ophthalmologist (eye doctor), significant vision loss could be prevented if caught early on.

The different types of glaucoma

Glaucoma is a serious eye condition that can lead to permanent blindness if left untreated. There are several different types of glaucoma, each with its own set of risk factors and symptoms.

The most common form of glaucoma is called primary open-angle glaucoma. This type of glaucoma occurs when the drainage channels in the eye become clogged over time, causing pressure to build up inside the eye. Symptoms may not appear until later stages of the disease when vision loss has already occurred.

Another type is angle-closure glaucoma, which happens when the iris bulges and blocks off fluid flow through the drainage system at an angle within your eyes. It can be acute or chronic depending on how fast it progresses.

Normal-tension or low-pressure glaucoma occurs despite having normal intraocular pressure levels under 21mmHg; this means that other factors aside from increased intraocular pressure must be playing a role in causing damage to your optic nerve fibers.

Secondary glaucoma results from other medical conditions such as diabetes, uveitis (inflammation), cataracts (clouding), among others that affect draining channels leading to elevated intraocular pressure levels.

It’s essential for people at high risk for developing any form of Glaucoma to undergo regular screening tests since early detection leads to better outcomes with proper management strategies!

Risk factors for glaucoma

Several risk factors can increase a person’s likelihood of developing glaucoma. One major factor is age, as the risk of developing glaucoma increases after the age of 60. Additionally, those with a family history of glaucoma have an increased risk.

Other medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure can also put individuals at higher risk for developing glaucoma. Eye injuries or surgeries can also increase the likelihood of developing certain types of glaucoma.

Certain ethnicities are known to be at higher risk for specific types of glaucoma, such as African Americans who are more likely to develop primary open-angle glaucoma, while Asians may have a greater tendency towards angle-closure glaucomas.

Prolonged use of corticosteroid medications has been linked with an increased incidence in some forms of secondary glaucomas.

It is important to note that having one or more risk factors does not necessarily mean that someone will develop the condition but being aware and managing other health conditions could help reduce this possibility.

Symptoms of glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve, which can lead to vision loss and blindness. One of the challenges with glaucoma is that it often has no early warning signs or symptoms until it’s in its advanced stages.

Open-angle glaucoma, the most common type, progresses slowly and painlessly without any noticeable change in vision at first. As the disease advances, however, peripheral vision gradually diminishes and blind spots develop.

Angle-closure glaucoma may cause sudden symptoms such as severe eye pain or headache accompanied by nausea and vomiting, blurred vision or halos around lights. This requires immediate medical attention to avoid permanent vision loss.

Normal-tension glaucoma typically doesn’t have any noticeable symptoms until significant visual field loss has occurred. Symptoms include difficulty adjusting to low light levels or dark environments, reduced contrast sensitivity and decreased night vision.

It’s important to note that not everyone with high intraocular pressure will develop glaucoma nor does having normal intraocular pressure rule out the possibility of developing this condition. Therefore routine comprehensive eye exams are imperative for detecting potential signs of glaucoma before irreversible damage occurs.

How is glaucoma diagnosed?

Glaucoma is a serious eye condition that can lead to permanent vision loss if not treated promptly. As with many medical conditions, early detection is key to preventing further damage. That’s why it’s essential to undergo regular eye exams, especially if you’re at risk for glaucoma.

During an eye exam, your doctor will conduct several tests to determine whether or not you have glaucoma. These tests may include measuring the pressure inside your eyes using a device called a tonometer, examining the optic nerve at the back of your eyes through dilated pupils using special instruments like ophthalmoscope or slit-lamp biomicroscope and testing your field of vision by asking you to look straight ahead while flashing lights are presented in different positions.

If these initial tests suggest that you might have glaucoma, additional diagnostic procedures such as optical coherence tomography (OCT) which measures the thickness of layers in the retina and imaging scans like fundus photography or visual evoked potential test may be ordered by the specialist.

The results of all these examinations will help doctors determine whether or not treatment for glaucoma is necessary. If diagnosed with glaucoma, it’s important to follow-up regularly with an ophthalmologist who specializes in this area so that they can monitor changes over time and adjust medication levels accordingly.

Treatments for glaucoma

There are several treatments available for glaucoma, but the main goal is to reduce pressure in the eye to prevent further damage. The type of treatment recommended will depend on the severity and type of glaucoma a patient has.

One common treatment option is prescription eye drops that work by reducing fluid production or increasing drainage. It’s important to use these drops as directed and not skip any doses, as they can be crucial in preventing vision loss.

Another option is laser therapy, which aims to improve drainage in the eye. This procedure can be done quickly and with few side effects, making it a popular choice for those who cannot tolerate medication.

In some cases, surgery may be necessary if other treatments are not effective enough. There are different types of surgeries available depending on the specific needs of each patient.

It’s essential to follow up regularly with an ophthalmologist to monitor progress and adjust treatment as needed. While there is no cure for glaucoma, early detection and proper management can help preserve vision over time.

Prevention of glaucoma

Preventing glaucoma is crucial as it can lead to permanent vision loss if left untreated. Although some risk factors such as age or family history cannot be controlled, there are still preventive measures that one can take to reduce the likelihood of developing glaucoma.

Firstly, having regular eye exams with an ophthalmologist or optometrist is essential in detecting and treating glaucoma early on. It’s recommended for adults over 40 years old to have a comprehensive eye exam every two years unless advised otherwise by a doctor.

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can also lower the risk of developing glaucoma. This includes exercising regularly and eating a well-balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables, which contain antioxidants that help protect the eyes from damage.

Smoking has been linked to several eye conditions including macular degeneration and cataracts, so quitting smoking is highly recommended not only for overall health but also for preventing eye-related issues like glaucoma.

Avoiding prolonged use of steroids without medical supervision may reduce the risk of steroid-induced glaucoma. If you’re prescribed steroids for any reason, make sure to discuss potential side effects with your doctor beforehand.

Taking steps towards prevention through regular check-ups and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can greatly reduce the likelihood of developing this serious condition.


Glaucoma is a serious eye condition that can lead to permanent blindness if left untreated. It is important to be aware of the different types of glaucoma and their risk factors, as well as the symptoms and available treatments.

Regular eye exams are crucial for detecting glaucoma early on before it causes irreversible damage. Additionally, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, managing underlying health conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure, and avoiding smoking can all help reduce your risk of developing glaucoma.

If you have any concerns about your vision or potential risk for glaucoma, don’t hesitate to schedule an appointment with an eye doctor. With proper diagnosis and treatment, the majority of people with glaucoma are able to preserve their vision and avoid further progression of the disease.

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