Understanding Glaucoma Risk in Filipinos with Diabetes

Understanding Glaucoma Risk in Filipinos with Diabetes


Diabetes is a growing concern worldwide, and the Philippines is no exception. For Filipinos, understanding the potential health complications associated with diabetes is essential for staying informed and taking preventive measures. Among those complications is glaucoma, a serious eye condition that can lead to vision loss. In this article, we’ll explore the connection between diabetes and glaucoma risk in the Filipino population, providing important insights for those with diabetes and their loved ones.

Diabetes Prevalence Among Filipinos

Approximately 7.3% of Filipino adults are affected by diabetes, with the disease being the eighth leading cause of death in the country. Various factors contribute to this high prevalence, including:

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Rapid urbanization and adoption of Western diets
  • Sedentary lifestyles

Because of these factors, Filipino diabetics face an increased risk of developing health complications such as heart disease, kidney disease, and glaucoma.

Understanding Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye disease caused by elevated pressure within the eye, resulting in damage to the optic nerve and, if left untreated, blindness. However, many people are unaware they have glaucoma until they experience significant vision loss. Common misconceptions about glaucoma include:

  • It only affects the elderly
  • It is always painful
  • Total vision loss is inevitable

In reality, glaucoma can affect anyone, often presents no pain, and vision loss can be slowed or even prevented with proper treatment.

The Link between Diabetes and Glaucoma

Research has shown that people with diabetes are twice as likely to develop glaucoma as those without diabetes. The exact mechanism explaining this increased risk is still under investigation; however, it is believed that diabetes-induced changes in blood vessels and metabolism can affect eye pressure and lead to glaucoma development.

Glaucoma and Diabetes in Filipinos

Some studies suggest that Filipinos with diabetes might be more susceptible to developing glaucoma than the general population. While genetics and lifestyle habits do play a role in this increased risk, additional research is needed to fully understand the unique factors affecting Filipino diabetics.

Managing the Risks of Glaucoma in Diabetics

For Filipino diabetics and those at risk of developing the disease, there are several ways to manage and reduce the risk of glaucoma:

  1. Lifestyle modifications
    • Adopt a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains
    • Engage in physical exercise for at least 150 minutes per week
    • Maintain a healthy weight and blood pressure levels
    • Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
  2. Regular screening
    • Diabetics and those at high risk for diabetes should have their eyes examined regularly by an ophthalmologist to detect early signs of glaucoma
    • Blood sugar levels should be monitored regularly
  3. Medical treatments
    • If diagnosed with glaucoma, discuss treatment options with your doctor, which may include eye drops, oral medications, or even surgery


Understanding the connection between diabetes and glaucoma is crucial for the Filipino population. Knowledge about the increased risk factors and preventive steps can lead to early detection and effective management of both conditions. Regular screening and adopting healthy lifestyle habits are crucial to protect one’s vision and overall well-being. We encourage all Filipino diabetics and their loved ones to become informed about glaucoma risk factors and take the necessary steps towards prevention and effective treatment.

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